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US Seeks NATO Basing, Intel Pacts      09/18 10:28


   ATHENS, Greece (AP) -- Against the backdrop of the troop withdrawal from 
Afghanistan, the top U.S. military officer is meeting in Greece with NATO 
counterparts this weekend, hoping to forge more basing, intelligence sharing 
and other agreements to prevent terrorist groups from regrouping and 
threatening America and the region.

   Army Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the 
meeting of NATO defense chiefs will focus in part on the way ahead now that all 
alliance troops have pulled out of Afghanistan and the Taliban are in control.

   Milley, U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin and American intelligence 
officials have warned that al-Qaida or the Islamic State group could regenerate 
in Afghanistan and pose a threat to the United States in one year to two years.

   The U.S. military has said it can conduct counterterrorism surveillance and, 
if necessary, strikes in Afghanistan from "over the horizon" -- meaning from 
assets based in other countries. But they have made it clear that surveillance 
flights from bases in the Persian Gulf are long and provide limited time in the 
air over Afghanistan. So they have talked about seeking basing agreements, 
overflight rights and increased intelligence-sharing with nations closer to 
Afghanistan, including some neighbors.

   In recent months, however, U.S. officials have reported little progress in 
any negotiations on any basing agreements.

   Milly said he will be talking to his military counterparts "to see what the 
possibilities are and then bring them back" to U.S. defense and diplomatic 
leaders for additional discussions. Then, he said, officials will see what they 
can turn into a reality.

   "We are going to talk about over the horizon capabilities and where allies 
think appropriate that they can make a contribution , we're certainly open to 
that," Milley told reporters traveling with him to Greece. "There are 
opportunities where alliance members may choose to work closely with us on 
these over the horizon capabilities."

   He said allies are concerned about counterterrorism and how to ensure an 
effective defense against terrorists.

   At the opening of the morning session Saturday, NATO military leaders made 
it clear that avoiding a resurgence of terrorism in Afghanistan is a key goal 
for the alliance.

   Greece's defense minister, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos, told the group that 
allies must ensure the safety and security of at-risk Afghans who remain in the 
country and must prevent a humanitarian crisis.

   More than 120,000 Americans, Afghans and others were flown out of 
Afghanistan during the chaotic and massive airlift operation in the days after 
Kabul, the capital, fell to the Taliban. But thousands more were left behind, 
with many fleeing to the borders and seeking help from aid agencies and ad hoc 
groups struggling to find ways out of the country.

   Human rights and refugee groups are urging the European Union to step up its 
help for people trying to flee Afghanistan. The EU's asylum agency said that 
asylum applications by Afghans numbered 7,300 in July, before the government 
fell, and that was a 21% increase over June. Almost 1,200 were unaccompanied 
minors. More than half of asylum applications by Afghans in Europe are rejected.

   "We are going through a period of significant challenges in Afghanistan," 
said Panagiotopoulos, adding that a key risk is the migration flow toward 
Europe. He said allies need to "provide support to those countries in the 
immediate neighborhood and must avoid a migration crisis at our borders.

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